I just had a computer setup with Ubuntu <sp>. This is my first Linux system. Any words of advice?
What version are you running ? 14.04 LTS, 15.04, 16.10 ...?
With all versions...
1. Turn on the firewall.
sudo gufw <enter> Default settings are good to start.
2. Develop an alias list and put it in /home/<username>
/.bash_aliases for commonly used commands.
Make sure your .bashrc file in /home/<username>
/ has the lines that look like this:
if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then
and not like this:
#if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then
# . ~/.bash_aliases
Those HashTags [sic] are actually code comment delineators and the code parser will skip anything on that line of the file. You want that conditional statement uncommented so it redirects to the .bash_aliases file.
If they contain the '#', backspace the # out and save the file.http://www.linuxnix.com/linux-alias-command-explained-with-examples/
This one might help later on when you understand the terminal better. http://tldp.org/LDP/abs/html/sample-bashrc.html
Here's some of the more common ones in my list:
alias update='sudo apt-get update'
alias upgrade='sudo apt-get upgrade'
alias upgr8='sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade'
alias fetch='sudo apt-get install'
alias clean='sudo apt-get clean'
alias autoclean='sudo apt-get autoclean'
alias autoremove='sudo apt-get autoremove'
alias purger='sudo apt-get --purge remove
alias autopurge='sudo apt-get --purge remove && sudo apt-get autoremove'
alias l='ls -CF'
alias la='ls -A'
alias ll='ls -lh'
alias logout='sudo xfce4-session-logout --logout'
alias ls='ls --color=auto''
alias reboot='sudo reboot'
alias repo='sudo add-apt-repository'
Try to avoid single letter aliases as they could cause problems when typing.
In the *nixes, the terminal is your friend. Fear it not. Actually, once you get used to it, it's much quicker than the GUI programs.
Install Synaptic package manager. It's much better than the software center. (You have your alias list installed - right ? If so...) Ctrl+Alt+t (launch the terminal) then type: fetch synaptic <enter> you will be prompted for your Password. Type it in, then hit enter/return.
3. speed up the system -> create a file named: .gtkrc-2.0 and place it in: /home/<username>
Put this in the file:
# Custom Styles
# ----------- My Additions ----------
gtk-menu-popup-delay = 0
gtk-menu-popdown-delay = 0
gtk-menu-bar-popup-delay = 0
gtk-enable-animations = 0
gtk-timeout-expand = 0
gtk-timeout-initial = 0
gtk-timeout-repeat = 0
and save the file. Logout or shutdown, then fire back up.
Download and install the restricted audio / video codecs. This will be different between the versions of Ubuntu.
duckduckgo or ixquick it. (Fuck Google)
Do a search for: '?? things to do after installing ubuntu <your version # here>' Use common sense when following the results of the pages that the query will bring up.
For your first *nix distro, enjoy it, play with it, and have fun. Download and install the programs you want - there are 100's of thousands of them, then make a backup. Re-Do Bkp is an excellent program, or you could use the built in utility.
Your distro is highly customizable to almost anything you can think of. Just search it out online.
some other search phases to check:
Linux command line tricks
free ebooks BASH
the linux bible
advanced terminal scripting
advanced terminal commands
list ubuntu desktop environments
Prettify and add functionality to your system @ https://www.gnome-look.org/browse/ord/latest/