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Messages - Hog

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1
Random Topics / Re: The Spaceflight Thread
« on: December 04, 2018, 12:29:14 PM »
And after a successful docking using the Soyuz automatic docking system, the Northrop-Grumman(formerly Orbital ATK) Cygnus and Space Exploration Tech Corp.'s Dragon cargo resupply vehicles BOTH do not dock to the ISS, they approach close-by and then are grappled via the CANADARM-2(SSRMS-Space Station Remote Manipulator System) and then berthed to the ISS under complete control of the SSRMS.  Here is the hatch opening of the ISS crew and Soyuz MS-11 spacecraft greeting each other.



If you need to get away from the ISS in a hurry, you dont want your lifeboat to have to be brappled by a CANADARM and then released to safety.  You want top be able to get to your lifeboat, close the hatches and jettison your lifeboat away from the ISS as quickly as possible. Of course this would be necessary in the most dire of circumstances. eg ISS gets hit by a not so "micro",  micrometeroid and is losing pressure at a very high rate. Let's hope that your Soyuz lifeboat isnt the structure that has been breached.

Due to the fact that crews that fly up to ISS on Soyuz space craft, almost always return to Earth aboard the same Soyuz spacecraft the "couches" that crew lay down upon prior to launch and prior to undocking from ISS, are vacuum molded custom "liner" for each crewmember, while it is possible to swap out these custom "liners" it is infrequently performed for safety reasons. The Soyuz hits the ground hard, it fires retrograde rocket motors just a few feet from the ground in order to reduce the G loading upon touchdown. The movie Gravity emphasizes the Soyuz retrograde rockets and uses them for propulsion to get to the Chinese space station Shenzous.

The amount of time that a Soyuz craft can remain in space is about 200 days, any longer and its propellants begin to decompose, so 200 days was chosen as a safe on orbit time for Soyuz.  This is why the current ISS crew who rode up on Soyuz MS-09 had to leave on December 21st whether there was new crew aboard ISS or not. The Soyuz MS-09 was reaching the end of their safety net in regards to the Soyuz vehicles on-orbit time constraints related to propellant stability.  That would have been horrible if the Soyuz MS-11 crew weren't able to reach ISS before the 21st be it due to technical issues, another abort or some other issue.  The 18 year
The Soyuz vehicle takes up to 3 humans to orbit, docks with the ISS, then sits there for up to 200 days on orbit, with its hatches open, acting as a lifeboat waiting just in case the 3 crewmembers need to evacuate to their Soyuz lifeboats.  One scenario is that the crew evacuates to the Soyuz and awaits further instructions with the ISS/Soyuz hatches in the open positions. The other emergency scenario includes crew retreating to their respective Soyuz vehicles, get inside and close the hatches.  There has been a few times where  a predicted piece of space debris or asteroid may come within a few kilometers. The crew enters their Soyuz crafts leaving the hatches open.  Occasionally a Debris Avoidance Maneuver(DAM) may be completed, but the amount or speed at which you can actually increase or decrease the altitude of the ISS's almost 1 million pounds is very limited.  The stations own thrusters can be used, and depending on what cargo/crew vehicles are docked to the ISS, their own propulsion can be used to not only change the ISS's altitude for DAMs, but also to boost the ISS's continually decreasing altitude.  While orbiting at around 408 kilometers(253 miles) the ISS is almost completely out of the Earths atmosphere, but there is still sufficient molecules of atmosphere to induce drag upon the ISS which decreases its velocity, the slower it travels the lower its altitude becomes.  It likes to orbit at about approx 28163km/17500mph  which gives you an Earth orbit every 90 minutes.  Compare the ISS orbit to the Hubble Space Telescopes altitude which is 540kms(336miles) which is about as high as the Space Shuttle Orbiter Vehicles to could reach, both for the Telescopes initial deployment on April 25 1990 during STS-31 and also during its various servicing Missions
Servicing Mission #1 STS-61 Endeavour in December 1993,
Servicing Mission #2 STS-82 Discovery in Feb 1997
Servicing Mission #3A STS-103 Discovery in December 1999
Servicing Mission #3B STS-109 Columbia in march 2002
Servicing Mission #4 STS-125 Atlantis in May 2009.  Servicing Mission #4 almost didn't occur as NASA administrator Shaun O'Keefe in the wake of the STS-107 Columbia entry failure didn't want to risk human lives to extend the service life of HST.  Well a new NASA administrator was installed in March 2005 and he, Michael Griffin OK'd one final serving mission if it hadn't, the Hubble Space Telescope would NOT be performing science missions at this moment.

""In October 2006 Griffin gave the final go-ahead, and the 11-day mission by Atlantis was scheduled for October 2008. Hubble's main data-handling unit failed in September 2008, halting all reporting of scientific data until its back-up was brought online on October 25, 2008. Since a failure of the backup unit would leave the HST helpless, the service mission was postponed to incorporate a replacement for the primary unit.""

While the Space Shuttle Program was up and running, the ISS was kept at a lower altitude than it's current 408 kilometers/254miles.  I remember the altitude being around 330-340kms(205-211 miles) when the US Space Shuttle was in operation.  This lower altitude was used in order to help the Space Shuttle get the heaviest payloads up to the ISS orbit.  For every degree above Florida Kennedy Space Centers 28.5º the Shuttle lost roughly 500 pounds of cargo capacity. Since the ISS orbits on a 51.6º inclination thats 23.1º higher for hHazakistan launches than KSC USA launches.  23.1 x 500 pounds=11,500 pounds.  So launching to the ISS 51.6º orbit automatically causes the payload capacity to take a hit of 11,500 pounds.
NASA's answer was to either to increase thrust, or to lighten the load(For each pound of weight reduction, the cargo-carrying capability of the shuttle spacecraft was increased almost one pound.), or both. 
In order to increase thrust the 5 segment solid rocket booster(SRB) which provided 3.6 million pounds of thrust was developed to make up that penalty, the usual SRBs were 4 segment units providing just over 3 million pounds of thrust each.  It should be noted that the new SLS super-rocket will use 2 of the new 5 segment SRBs, which have yet to fly. They have only been fired in full scale development firings.  Both the newer 5 segment and the 4 segment Solid Rocket Boosters fire for approx. 122-127 seconds.
In order to lighten the load, NASA decided to once again lighten up that massive aluminum External Tank(ET) which holds all the Liquid Oxygen(LOX and Liquid Hydrogen(LH2) that the 3 RS25 Space Shuttle Main Engines would require to fire at 104.5% for over 8-1/3 minutes or approx 500 seconds.

There have been 3 iterations of the External Tank(ET):

1) Standard Weight Tank (SWT)35,000 kg (77,000 lb) inert.  This tank was used for the test flights, STS-1 though STS-4 and for 2 operational missions, STS-5 and STS-7.  The first 2 tank for STS-1 and STS-2 were painted white in order to protect the Spray On Foam Insulation(SOFI) from UV damage as they weren't exactly sure how long these test launches would be sitting out on the pad exposed to the elements. As it turns out, the SOFI darkens in colour the more it is exposed to UV light.  Newly sprayed tanks will have a very light brown colour, while tanks exposed for some time will be darker in colour.  Often times you'll see dark brown acreage interspersed with very light brown sections.  This is where some foam has had to be removed in order to access some portion of the tank for repairs. Then once repairs/testing was completed, new SOFI would be applied and seeing that these portions or re-applied foam have not yet been exposed to UV light whereas the rest of the foam has already been exposed, large variations of light to dark brown colours are visible.
For STS-3 and 4 the ETs were NOT painted white, as such, 600 pounds were saved simply by the weight of the paint being absent. Another several hundred pounds were saved by removing the proven unnecessary anti-geyser lines that ran the length of the tank.

2) Light Weight Tank(LWT) each weighed approximately 30,000 kg (66,000 lb) inert. The first LWT was flown on STS-6 and the last LWT was used on the STS-107 Columbia flight which failed during the entry phase of the mission.
""The weight reduction from the SWT was accomplished by eliminating portions of stringers (structural stiffeners running the length of the hydrogen tank), using fewer stiffener rings and by modifying major frames in the hydrogen tank. Also, significant portions of the tank were milled differently so as to reduce thickness, and the weight of the ET's aft solid rocket booster attachments was reduced by using a stronger, yet lighter and less expensive titanium alloy.""

3) Super Light Weight Tank (SLWT)
58,500 lb (26,500 kg) inert.
Length: 153.8 ft (46.9 m)
Diameter: 27.6 ft (8.4 m)
Gross Liftoff Weight: 1,680,000 lb (760,000 kg)

LOX Tank
Length: 54.6 ft (16.6 m)
Diameter: 27.6 ft (8.4 m)
Volume (at 22 psig): 19,541.66 cu ft (146,181.8 US gal; 553,358 l)
LOX mass (at 22 psig): 1,387,457 lb (629,340 kg)
Operation Pressure: 34.7–36.7 psi (239–253 kPa) (gauge) (absolute)

Intertank (portion of the ET where the Liquid Oxygen Tank and the Liquid Hydrogen Tank came together.

Length: 22.6 ft (6.9 m)
Diameter: 27.6 ft (8.4 m)

LH2 Tank
Length: 97.0 ft (29.6 m)
Diameter: 27.6 ft (8.4 m)
Volume (at 29.3 psig): 52,881.61 cu ft (395,581.9 US gal; 1,497,440 l)
LH2 mass (at 29.3 psig): 234,265 lb (106,261 kg)
Operation Pressure: 32–34 psi (220–230 kPa) (absolute)
Operation Temperature: −423 °F (−252.8 °C)

The SLWT was first flown in 1998 on STS-91 and was used for all subsequent missions except for STS-99 Endeavour and STS-107 Columbia
""The SLWT had basically the same design as the LWT except that it used an aluminium-lithium alloy (Al 2195) for a large part of the tank structure. This alloy provided a significant reduction in tank weight (~3,175 kg/7,000 lb) over the LWT. Manufacture also included friction stir welding technology. Although all ETs produced after the introduction of the SLWT were of this configuration, one LWT remained in inventory to be used if requested until the end of the shuttle era. The SLWT provided 50% of the performance increase required for the shuttle to reach the International Space Station. The reduction in weight allowed the Orbiter to carry more payload to the highly inclined orbit of the ISS.""

The Core Stage of the new Space Launch System which uses 4 of the same engines as the Space Shuttle, in fact 14 of the 16 remaining RS25-D engines have in fact already flown to space on Space Shuttles. The other 2, Main Engine (ME) 2062 and ME-2063 were built in 2010 and 2014 respectively. Both ME-2062 and ME-2063 are due to fly on EM-2, the first crewed SLS mission which will fly 4 astronauts in a multi-trans-lunar injection (MTLI), or multiple departure burns, and includes a free return trajectory from the Moon. Basically, the spacecraft will orbit Earth twice while periodically firing its engines to build up enough velocity to push it toward the Moon before looping back to Earth.


1) fire burning in microgravity
2) Space Shuttle External Tank cutaway
3) Solid Rocket Booster segments for EM-1 there are 5 segments for each booster for SLS
4) External Tank from STS-1 Columbia just after being jettisoned and allowed to fall back to the Indian Ocean.  The black marks at about the shoulder level below the curvature of the nose are from the Booster Separation Motors which fire and actually push the SRBs away from the External Tank and Orbiter Vehicle. There are 3 Booster Separation Motors at the top of each Booster, their exhaust impinges against the ET and blackens it.  The very end of the ET is blackened as there is major heating and convection currents which burn the end of the ET.


5) A short clip which shows the forward Booster Separation Motors burning and pushing the SRBs away from the External Tank.  This happens at about 146,000 feet about 123 seconds after they first ignited.  They are only jettisoned after the thrust chamber pressure in each SRB is less than 50psi.  The front Reaction Control System is fired in order to keep most of all the soot and dirt from these Booster Separation Motors off of the front facing windows of the Orbiter.  See how toasty black the rear end of the ET gets. 
Here is the Booster Sep Motors video



2
Random Topics / Re: The Spaceflight Thread
« on: December 03, 2018, 12:32:01 PM »
The Cosmonauts and Astronauts have doffed their Russian Sokul space suits as they're safely docked to ISS.

3
Random Topics / Re: The Spaceflight Thread
« on: December 03, 2018, 12:26:00 PM »
Soyuz MS-11 has successfully docked to ISS.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=7&v=QUY9zjHn2NE

Currently the crews are equalizing the air pressures between the Soyuz Orbital and Descent stages.
Next event is hatch opening.

Attached pic shows the ISS with all the different cargo and crew vehicles docked to ISS after Soyuz MS-11 docked.

peace
Hog

4
Politics / Re: RELIGION Thread
« on: December 03, 2018, 10:22:31 AM »
No, it’s factual in your case and everyone should weigh-in with their opinion of you here. Then maybe you’ll realize what a truly shitty waste of space you are. :D
I 2nd the nomination of ZaZa (aka Casio) as a "truly shitty waste of space".

peace
Hog

5
Random Topics / Re: The Spaceflight Thread
« on: December 03, 2018, 08:55:50 AM »
And the next 3 have made it to orbit safely. 

Hey, what do you get when you put a Russian, an American and a Canadian in a tin can?

Congrats to David St Jacques and Anne McLain representing the Americas on orbit.



peace
Hog

6
Hi ZAZA/Casio.  Did ja git yer frunt teef fixd yet?

peace
Hog

7
Random Topics / Re: Weather in your Area
« on: November 17, 2018, 04:33:23 PM »
We currently have had measurable snowfall in the month of November, something we havnt had in 22 years.

peace
Hog

8
Random Topics / Re: The Spaceflight Thread
« on: November 15, 2018, 06:00:06 PM »
ust over an hour ago, Development Engine(DE)0525 completed a 650 second hotfire test with 113% Rated Power Level.  Originally the RS25 engine ran at 100%, over the years upgrades to the engine have allowed the engine to be run at levels higher than before.  Instead of recalibrating for the new 100% its easier to simply say the power level is at 113%.  They are testing some additive manufacturing(3-d printed) engine components



peace
Hog

9
Radio and Podcasts / Re: The GabCast (A podcast about BellGab)
« on: November 11, 2018, 01:56:04 PM »
went to ufoship...error..LOL..where do I find this thing?
UFOSHIP is working

http://www.ufoship.com

I missed the show, I just heard about it now.  Listening on UFOSHIP.com

peace
Hog

10
Random Topics / Re: What is in my Father's notebook?
« on: November 10, 2018, 09:21:29 AM »
All this talk about CN gas has brought back some memories.

Canada, USA, Australia all use CS gas as part of their CBRN (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear) training.
During  Basic Training, now called Basic Military Qualification(BMQ) we were told to go to a certain group of buildings in the middle of this bush and we were to bring our Nuclear Biological Chemical gear with us.  Upon arrival, the 8 females of our platoon were taken away by female instructors, they returned about 15 minutes later.
 there was 3 "gas huts" in a row in the middle of a forest, we would go into a "gas hut" wearing just our combat uniforms.  Apparently they kept each "hut" at different concentrations of CS gas. Starting at light, we progressed to the medium, then the heavy huts. 
Once inside the  first "light gas hut", In the middle of the room there was a table with a Naptha Coleman stove with a small pot of boiling water.  I remember thinking to myself, I dont feel a thing and then all of a sudden, WHAMO burning eyes, nose running drooling.  We were told to don our gas masks which we did, OK thats better.
2nd hut, we walked in wearing our masks, had to doff our masks once inside, clear them then don them again.
3rd hut, we entered with masks donned, were forced to exercise and get sweaty, then were stood in front of the SGT, told to doff and stow my mask, and was forced to recite my serial number and spell out my name in NATO phonetic letters, which wasnt fair as I  had one of the longest names, I was the tallest of my platoon(more surface area of skin for the gas to attack) plus the SGT replied that he didnt hear me and I had to repeat EVERYTHING again.  By this time I was beginning to panic and when I was released I bolted for the door accidentally bodychecking a Corporal who was in my way.  It felt so nice to be outside with the cool air blowing over me, we were told to slowly wave our arms to aid in the first steps of decontaminating ourselves.

Later on while talking to one of the girls, she told me what they did when they were led away.  The literally had to tape field dressings over their vulvas so that the gas wouldnt attack those areas.  I had a little chuckle with her over that one.

I always thought that CS stood for Crowd Supressant, but it appears that CS, CN and CR are all just designations for such gasses.  I dont think they use CR as its pretty nasty and its a suspected carcinogenic.

peace
Hog

11
Random Topics / Re: Weather in your Area
« on: November 10, 2018, 08:16:27 AM »
Woodstock Ontario, -4ºC/24.8ºF, and very windy.  I hope the wind calms down for tommorrows Remembrance Day ceremonies.

"Lest We Forget"

peace
Hog

12
Random Topics / Re: The Spaceflight Thread
« on: November 07, 2018, 11:06:07 AM »
The European Service Module arrived at Kennedy Space Center from Bremmen Germany on an Antonov An-124 aircraft on 6 November 2018 at 11:35 EST, local time.

The service module now must be tested and intergrated with the Orion capsule before being stacked atop the first SLS rocket.

peace
Hog

13
Random Topics / Re: The Spaceflight Thread
« on: November 02, 2018, 06:02:35 PM »
Here's a pic of the Orion Service Module for EM-1.  If this mission were crewed, this is where the crew would live and eat.  EM-1 is an uncrewed test mission however.
This was part of the European SPace Agencies effort for SLS, it will be flown out of Bremmen Germany from the Airbus facility and will arrive at KSC the next day on November 6 2018.

It will be powered by:
1 Space Shuttle Orbital Maneuvering System providing  26.6 kN
8 490 N Aerojet R-4D-11 Auxiliary Thrusters providing 3.92 kN
24 220 N Airbus Reaction Control System Engines in six pods of four

Fuel capacity   9,000 kg in four 2000 l propellant tanks, 2 mixed oxides of nitrogen (MON) and 2 monomethyl hydrazine (MMH)

Power generation   11.2 kW from 4 x 7.375 m wings each containing 3 solar panels

Consumables   240 kg of water in four tanks, 90 kg of oxygen in three tanks, 30 kg of nitrogen in one tank

peace
Hog

14
Random Topics / Re: The Spaceflight Thread
« on: October 31, 2018, 01:48:53 PM »
RS25 engine test about to begin


NASA-TV


https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/nasatv/index.html#public


peace
Hog

15
Random Topics / Re: The Spaceflight Thread
« on: October 31, 2018, 01:45:47 PM »
Soyuz MS-10 will now launch on December 3, 2018, moved up almost 3 weeks from it original-late December launch.

The first crewed launch since the failed October 11th MS-10 launch had to be terminated.  Shortly after staging, where the rocket boosters now depleted are supposed to fall away allowing the core stage of the rocket continue on to orbit. One of the boosters apparently contacted the stage causing an explosion which prompted the Launch Escape System(LES) to cause the Soyuz descent capsule to be boosted a safe distance away from the failing rocket before it formed a normal parachute landing.

Soyuz-9 has now been docked to ISS since June 28 2018, its crew of 3 are now scheduled to leave ISS on December 20 2018 leaving the ISS with a crew of 3 until Soyuz 12 launches with 3 crew in April 2019.  Soyuz 9 is the capsule that set off the ISSs leak detectors with the leak being located in the Soyuz-9 capsule itself.  The leak was fixed.  The hole appeared to have been drilled purposefully, in error or otherwise, that's still being investigated.

It looks as though they have avoided de crewing the ISS for any amount of time.  The ISS has been on orbits for 7285 days, 12 hours and 12 minutes since November 20 1998 orbiting some 134,600 orbits of the Earth.
It has been crewed now for 6572 days(just under 18 years), 11 months, 28 days, 8 hours 16 minutes

The ISS is currently funded by all ISS participants to at least 2024 with the possibility of it seeing 2028.

peace
Hog

16
Random Topics / Re: The Spaceflight Thread
« on: October 31, 2018, 09:59:40 AM »
#1  An excellent pic of a nominal booster separation
#2  A booster on the ground after use
#3  The boosters just after Booster Sep and the formation known as Korolevs Cross. Sergei Korolev  was the famed Soviet rocket designer that was the mind behind many Soviet rocket designs.  He died in 1966 following surgery, and with him many believed that any hope of the Soviets beating the Americans to the Moon died with him.
#4 3 parts of the orbital part of the Soyuz space vehicle a)Orbital Module, b) Descent Module-this is the capsule that has the heat shield and life support for 3 humans, c)Instrumentation and Service Module
#5  This is the jettisoned Orbital Module after hitting the ground from an altitude of 93kms/57 miles.  It was separated from the Descent Module as part of the Abort of MS-10, then the Descent Module after free falling for a while would have popped its parachutes, then at about 10-12 feet the landing retro-rockets fire in order to "soften" the g loading of hitting the ground.  These retro-rockets are the exact ones that Sandra Bullock uses to propel herself towards the Chinese space station in the movie GRAVITY.

peace
Hog

17
Random Topics / Re: The Spaceflight Thread
« on: October 31, 2018, 09:26:35 AM »
On October 10 2018 there was an emergency abort of the Russian Soyuz FG rocket that was carrying the Soyuz 10 spacecraft to orbit with Cosmonaut Aleksey Ovchinin Astronaut Nick Hague to the International Space Station as part of crew rotation for Expedition 57. See first pic
The crew apparently experienced 7 gs of force as the emergency separation motors ignited, 2 motors fire immediately and then a second set ignite 0.32 seconds later in order to reduce the initial G loading experienced by the crew. 

Pic #2 diagram of Soyuz core stage and 4 boosters

Apparently one of the boosters separated incorrectly and recontacted the core stage and punctured a fuel tank, this caused and explosion and the emergency system enabled which causes the Soyuz capsule to separate from the Soyuz rocket.

Pic#3 Soyuz just before launch from its launch pad

Pic#4  A picture of a Soyuz launch vehicle just after staging, you can see the 4 boosters that have been dropped and they form a shape which is referred to as "Korolev's Cross".


Pic#5  This shows the 3 parts of the Soyuz space vehicle. See picture #7 for what the Orbital Module looks like after it comes back to Earth without a parachute from an altitude of 93 kilometers.approx 57 miles.

All three of those sections meet up with the ISS, the Canadarm-2 reaches out and "grapples" the Soyuz and berths it to the ISS.  The Soyuz stays with the ISS during the entire time the crew that rode it to space is at ISS.  IOW  Usually, if you ride up on a Soyuz, you will go home on the very same Soyuz.  This is how the Soyuz system is like an emergency lifeboat in case the crew needs to shelter or evacuate from the ISS.  The Soyuz "seats" actually more of a "couch" are custom formed for each cosmo-astro-naut as the landing forces are pretty high on Soyuz.  When its time for crew to return to Earth, the Soyuz leaves the, performs its de orbit burn and Earths gravity begins to bring Soyuz to Earth.  The instrumentation/service module and orbital modules separate from the descent module, experiences all the heat from that crazy re entry ride, then once slowed down it pops its parachutes and usually lands somewhere in the Khazak desert.  Just before it touches down, at an altitude of 10-12 feet, a series of retrorockets fire and help to "soften" the hit of landing.


Currently there are 3 crew aboard ISS, they are due to come home in December.  Each Soyuz capsule is limited in its length of service docked to the ISS in space because its fuels begin to degrade after a certain amount of time.  IIRC the limit is approx. 200 days or so.

Soyuz MS-11 will be launched atop another Soyuz FG rocket in December. Russian Commander Oleg Kononenko, Canadian CSA astronaut David Saint-Jacques and American NASA astronaut Anne McClain are scheduled to launch aboard Soyuz MS-11.  No official flight has been announced yet, though my back door sources tell me that Soyuz will with humans again in December.  A Soyuz rocket has launched successfully last week for a satellite, and another Soyuz will launch next week to launch another satellite.  These rockets are Soyuz rockets which are similar to the human rated Soyuz FG, though the boosters(that failed) are common between the human rated rocket and the non human rated rocket.

Here is the real accident with some visual techniques applied
https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=8&v=rROPB0QrZVY

Here is a SIMULATION of the Soyuz abort scenario for MS-10.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2&v=ocn7aLqEq-Q


Pic #6 is a pic of the failed Soyuz FG booster on the ground post flight.

Pic #7  The Soyuz Orbital Module after it return ballistically to Earth after attaining an altitude of 03kms/57miles


Within the next year both of the Commercial Crew contractors which are Boeing with their Starliner/CST-100 to be launched atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas-5 rocket and the Space X Dragon-2 capsule which is the newest version of the Space-X capsule, this one being rated to carry humans.  Drangon-2 will use a human rated Falcon-9 rocket to lift Dragon to to the ISS.  Both capsules will deliver crews to ISS, stay on station for 5-12 months and bring the crew home.  Either the Starliner or teh Dragon-2, when launched, will end the embarrassingly long amount of time that has elapsed since the USA has NOT had the capability to launch humans into space and have relied on Russians to take our crew to our own space station at the cost of US$83 million per passenger.  The last launch of humans from Earth to space occurred on July 21, 2018.  2659 days or  7 years, 3 months, 10 days have elapsed since STS-135 launched from KSC in Florida carrying 4 people to the ISS.

SLS/Orion is still plugging along, probably not going to launch Exploration Mission #1 which is a crewless first flight or Orion which will fly to the Moon and back in order to test new systems.  The driving force is the Core Stage of the SLS rocket.

Speaking of SLS, there is a RS-25 engine test today at Stennis Space Center between 2-3pm CDT Central Daylight Time.
And yes, the RS-25 engine test will be shown on NASA-TV.  I justy checked.  NASA.gov

peace
Hog

18
Random Topics / Re: What is in my Father's notebook?
« on: October 31, 2018, 07:44:05 AM »
Great thread.  I have a similar notebook from Basic Military Qualifications aka Boot Camp from my early army days.  It was a black covered notebook, stapled together filled with endless pages of my handwriting.  Nuclear Biological Chemical (NBC) warfare and how to fight in such an environment, weapons, tactics, just the basics..  Much of this equipment is almost exactly the same as American equipment that was used in the first 1991 Gulf War.

There was a book that we were issued at the very start of boot camp called "The Warrior", Land Force Central Area, Individual Combat Skills Handbook.  It also covers many of the topics that we were forced to write, study and be tested about, but this was the formal DND copy(Department of National Defence).  It is printed on "special paper" that resists mildewing.  The Canadian Army was broken up into areas of geographical coverage, into Divisions.  I was in the 4th Canadian Division, which was formerly known as Land Force Central Area.  This covered most of the province of Ontario.  The 3rd Canadian Division(known as Land Force West Area covered the Western side of Canada, the 2nd Can Division aka Land Force Quebec Area covered Quebec.  I began as a gunner with an Infantry Unit which was part of the Royal Canadian Regiment (RCR).  I had much experience with the 5.56mm NATO Light Machine Gun(LMG) which carried the Canadian code of C-9 and the heavier 7.62mm NATO Genmeral Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) it was known as the C-6.  Our standard issue rifle comparable to the USA M-16 is the C-7, which has a fire selector with 3 positions: 1)safe 2) semi auto 3) fully automatic automatic, no 3 round burst like some of the US models of M16 used to have.

At the start of my career we were training in a post "Cold War" environment and after the Gulf War was over, we were de escalating our forces, just as many American forces were.
No matter, our best forces got the best equipment. We were and remain some of the best on an international stage. esp. after being proven with our quick deployment a couple weeks after 9/11. 

For the Gulf War, we were part of the 35 country,  USA led coaltition, we had 4500 Canadians that served in that 1990-91 effort, we called it Operation Friction.
We supported Operation Desert Shield with a VERY small naval flotilla (I was personally embarrassed with our naval effort- a couple destroyers and a supply ship) and the RCAF with her CF-18 Hornet fighter jets was better. This was the first time since Korea that the RCAF was actively involved in air combat operations.  Our 2 squadrons, 24 jets, plus 27 CC-130 Hercules and 5 CC-137 Boeing 707 and other support jets.
.
We would have a week of AM classes, then we we would be tested on said material at the end of the week.  If you don;t pass, eventually you get dropped, but that never happened. 
The instructors would literally read out or notes, and we would copy them down.  It was a long arduous process.  Honestly I hadn't looked at that notebook until I saw this thread.  In my military career the info wasn't referred back to.  Read, write, memorize the concepts and then pass the test. We sat there sweating our asses off, trying to copy this info down as quickly as possible, when finished we'd get a break and go upstairs, outside on the edge of the parade square and enjoy our 5 minute cigarette breaks.

I know that the German Navy printed sensitive information using a special paper/ink combination that would wash out upon becoming wet. CodeBooks and other info for the Enigma code machines could be rendered useless to an enemy by simply wetting the book. No shredding or burning needed.

I haven't had the chance to actually read any of the notebook portions in this thread.  I wonder what the 3-50 means? I'm sure I'll have some comments after digging into your thread.  I bet it's something that's not near as interesting as the allure of not knowing it's meaning.
Military service can be a love hate sort of thing.  For me it started when I was young, mid 90's, my basic army training was straightforward, as the years went by and my training became more focussed and things became very interesting.  My early infantry career was the best time of my life, the times, the comradery, the laughs, it was great.  Those good times tempered with some tears, but in my mind I think that you have to taste some sour in order to appreciate sweet..

thanks for sharing Mr At Night.

peace
Hog


19
Random Topics / Re: Mobster Whitey Bulger Dies in Jail/Mueller ties
« on: October 31, 2018, 06:00:10 AM »
Somebody "doing some work" on an 89 year old man.  Lie with dogs, you tend to get fleas.

peace
Hog

20
Random Topics / Re: Book Recommendations
« on: October 11, 2018, 11:39:02 AM »
Hey, what's up Doc?


An oldie but a goodie.  "Hunt for the Red October" a 1984 novel by Tom Clancy.  There's nothing like a good Clancy book.  His deep down technicality about war and its hardware always attracted me to his novels.

Nice to be back!

peace
Hog

21
Radio and Podcasts / Re: Art Bell
« on: June 23, 2018, 09:44:44 AM »
If it's public information, there's a reason for that and we're entitled to it.

Of all the BS we heard from Art, it would be nice to have something we can actually believe at the end
Sure IF it is public information, by all means people should have access.  The question is, why is it public info?

But unless a crime has been committed, that's all personal and protected information just as it should be, and the way things are done up here.

What type of Vodka did Whitney Houston wash down her Xanax with? Did the stomach contents contain Absolute or Grey Goose?  Way to feed the tabloids.

peace
Hog

22
BellGabathon 2018 / Re: BellGabathon™ 2018
« on: June 23, 2018, 09:27:37 AM »
Voting on the "best of 2018" in June is kinda silly.

Bellgab.

peace
Hog

23
Radio and Podcasts / Re: Kingdom of Nye With Heather Wade
« on: June 23, 2018, 09:20:59 AM »
Hi Heather, why not just log in and say Hi?  If George can pony up and say hi from time to time, I would think that YOU should be able to do the same.  Just be yourself, and not who you think you should be.
Now is your chance to be the real you, gone is the shadow or Art Bell that was keeping you down.  Remember the stories you used to tell on the Gabcast?  Like the one time you told us that Zach Wyld would have to literally be hosed down as he never changed his leathers and he would start to stink.
or
Another story where you told us that as a worker you weren't supposed to make eye contact with members of "U2".
or
That time you were with your friends and you saw some sort of aberration float up to you and then by you and float through the wall of a building.  You still had the joint in your hand, you hadn't lit it yet.

Those are examples of you being REAL, it doesn't seem forced or fake if you are being real.  I being a guy that really finds female radio voices offputting, didn't mind your Gabcast voice.

So stop slinking around redacted and just say hi.   At our age Heather we dont have time for these childish games, we are on the "back 9 now".

peace
Hog

24
Random Topics / Re: Celebrity Deaths
« on: June 23, 2018, 08:27:22 AM »
RIP Vinnie Paul, dead at 54.  Pantera was one of the greatest metal bands Ive ever had the pleasure of seeing live.

peace
Hog

25
Random Topics / Re: Bouts with Insomnia, OCD & Other Afflictions
« on: June 11, 2018, 09:37:58 PM »
Alka Seltzer, MSG and of course caffeine, can aggravate this condition in some people.  Does bearing down for a few moments help at all once in a while?  Experts are no longer recommending aspirin bec they say better meds like warfarin are available.  On the other hand, if the afib is distressing, aspirin is a mild sedative for your mood.  Aspirin is not compatible with lisinopril or amlodipine and other meds though.  For those, take the Tylenol or Excederin thing, but I doubt they are mild sedatives.


I've looked at Afib forums.  You've probably seen them?  There are so many degrees of problems from mere arrhythmia to afib.
Bearing down is the Val Salva maneuver.  Its OK for females to do this as well, their cervix's aren't going to shoot out their vaginas. A good hard strain while dropping the Cosby's off at the pool isn't gonna cause a blowout to nominal female structures. Females internals are not delicate.

AFib IS a type of Arrhythmia .
Arrhythmia means no regular rhythm.
Dysrhythmia means abnormal rhythm.  Both terms are often used interchangeably.

peace
Hog

26
Random Topics / Re: Bouts with Insomnia, OCD & Other Afflictions
« on: June 11, 2018, 09:17:44 PM »
No.  I hardly think the total amount I've been afflicted by atrial fib or flutter would justify that kind of intervention.  Not even amiodarone.

Before this time -- and the provocation this time was severe between the parainfluenza B and the tx for it -- I last had A fib months earlier, for about an hour.  I might've had a brief episode of A fib some other time since my cardioversion (from A flutter) in the spring of 2017, hard to remember.
OK I see, your issues have been paroxysmal, rather than my sustained (permanent) AFib.

Good luck and good health.

peace
Hog

27
Radio and Podcasts / Re: The GabCast (A podcast about BellGab)
« on: June 11, 2018, 03:58:57 PM »
E-mail is great for those who want it, but how does sharing e-mail affect my privacy compared to just registering here?  I guess we listed our e-mail addresses when we joined, huh.
I remember getting a notification via email.  I cant remember if it was a noticfication that I had received a PM from MV, or if it was a pure notification of a UFOShip.com show.

Yes, at least MV knows your email addy and your IP address.

Site rule #1
1) If an account is created while using an anonymizer (proxy/VPN/TOR), the account will not be activated.  This restriction only applies during registration.

peace
Hog

28
Radio and Podcasts / Re: The GabCast (A podcast about BellGab)
« on: June 11, 2018, 03:53:43 PM »
Is there, a way to sign up for notifications of new upcoming shows on UFOShip?  I can't seem to find it now and I seem to remember that there used to be a way to sign up for each UFOShip show individually.

TIA

Gabcast tonight,
9pm Eastern
8pm Central
7pm Mountain
6pm West

Praise MV!

peace
Hog

29
Radio and Podcasts / Re: The GabCast (A podcast about BellGab)
« on: June 11, 2018, 03:35:45 PM »
We are going to postpone Dave Schrader's appearance on The GabCast until Monday, June 11th at 9PM East, 6PM West.

As you were.
Hey MV, I think more people would listen live if the sites messaging system were to be used.  I just happened to find out about tonight's show by accident.

Good luck with the show, MV.

peace
Hog

30
Radio and Podcasts / Re: The GabCast (A podcast about BellGab)
« on: June 11, 2018, 03:29:35 PM »
We are going to postpone Dave Schrader's appearance on The GabCast until Monday, June 11th at 9PM East, 6PM West.

As you were.

GABCAST
Monday, June 11th at 9PM East, 6PM West.

As you were

peace
Hog

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